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Resistance

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Resistances reduce the damage you take from their associated damage type. Enemies can also have resistances, which are indicated beneath their life bar.

Each elemental damage type and chaos have their own resistance value (e.g. "fire resistance") which is viewable in the character sheet by pressing C and clicking on the Defense tab. Physical damage is reduced by damage reduction from armour.

There are various ways your resistances can be increased or decreased:

The "+% to All Elemental Resistances" stat grants resistance to the three elemental resistances and excludes Chaos; however, the "+% to all maximum Resistances" stat grants resistance to the three elemental Resistances and includes Chaos. Chaos resistance is a separate stat, found only on items and the passive skill tree. Complete chaos immunity is granted by the Chaos Inoculation keystone passive skill.

Resistances are initially capped at a maximum of 75%, however there are various ways to change this:

Resistance Penalties

There is a penalty to all resistances (including chaos) applied to your character in each successive difficulty you reach.

  • Normal: No penalty
  • Cruel: -20% to all resistances
  • Merciless: -60% to all resistances

Resistance Passives

All Elemental

Basic Passives for all Elemental Resistance include:

Notable Passives for all Elemental Resistance include:

Name Bonuses
Diamond Skin
  • +15% to all Elemental Resistances
Body and Soul
  • 20% increased Armour
  • 10% increased maximum Energy Shield
  • 8% to all Elemental Resistances
Faith and Steel
  • 20% increased Armour
  • 10% increased maximum Energy Shield
  • 8% to all Elemental Resistances
Nullification
  • 10% increased Evasion Rating
  • 10% increased maximum Energy Shield
  • 10% faster start of Energy Shield Recharge
  • +8% to all Elemental Resistances
Void Barrier
  • 10% increased Evasion Rating
  • 10% increased maximum Energy Shield
  • 10% faster start of Energy Shield Recharge
  • +8% to all Elemental Resistances
Sentinel
  • 24% increased Evasion Rating and Armour
  • +10% to all Elemental Resistances
Celestial Walker
  • 12% to all Elemental Resistances
  • 12% increased Elemental Damage
Cloth and Chain
  • 24% increased Evasion Rating and Armour
  • +12% to all Elemental Resistances
Cruel Preparation
  • 10% increased maximum Life
  • +5% to all Elemental Resistances
Sanctuary
  • 4% additional Chance to Block with Shields
  • +12% Elemental Resistances while holding a Shield
Survivalist
  • +24% increased Evasion Rating
  • +8% to all Elemental Resistances
  • +1% to maximum Cold Resistance
Weathered Hunter
  • 20% increased Accuracy Rating
  • +8% to all Elemental Resistances
  • +20 to Dexterity

Additionally, choosing to help Kraityn during the Act 2 quest Deal with the Bandits in Normal difficulty grants a permanent +8% to all elemental resistances.

Fire, Cold, Lightning

Each of the three elements has the same set of passives:

Name Bonuses
Fire Walker
  • 18% increased Fire Damage
  • +15% to Fire Resistance
Frost Walker
  • 18% increased Cold Damage
  • +15% to Cold Resistance
Lightning Walker
  • 18% increased Lightning Damage
  • +15% to Lightning Resistance

This gives a total of +123% to each elemental resistance.

Chaos

Name Bonuses
Life and Chaos Resistance
  • 4% increased maximum Life
  • +4% to Chaos Resistance
Life and Chaos Resistance
  • 4% increased maximum Life
  • +4% to Chaos Resistance
Life and Chaos Resistance
  • 4% increased maximum Life
  • +4% to Chaos Resistance
Purity of Flesh
  • 8% increased maximum Life
  • +8% to Chaos Resistance
  • +10 to Strength
Chaos Resistance and Chaos Damage
  • 5% increased Chaos Damage
  • +3% to Chaos Resistance
Chaos Resistance
  • +7% to Chaos Resistance
Chaos Resistance
  • +7% to Chaos Resistance

This gives a total of +33% to chaos resistance.

Name Bonuses
Chaos Inoculation
  • Maximum Life becomes 1
  • Immune to Chaos Damage

Gives you 100% chaos resistance, does not stack with the above.

Maximum Resistance

Name Bonuses
Barbarism
  • +8% increased maximum Life
  • +1% to maximum Fire Resistance
  • +8% to Fire Resistance
Survivalist
  • +24% increased Evasion Rating
  • +8% to all Elemental Resistances
  • +1% to maximum Cold Resistance
Unnatural Calm
  • 18% increased maximum Energy Shield
  • 15% faster start of Energy Shield Recharge
  • +1% to maximum Lightning Resistance

Resistance Penetration Mechanics

Some curses lower the resistances of their target. These curses are:

These curses will reduce the target's resistance. If a monster has 75% resistance and is affected by a -40% resistance curse it will have 35% resistance. If a monster has 120% resistance (by way of auras or rare monster affixes), it will be capped at 75%, and upon being hit with a -40% curse, it will be reduced to 80% resistance and still be at the 75% cap.

Some support gems will cause supported skills to ignore a portion of target resistance. These are:

These support gems are applied after the resistance of an enemy is capped to 75%. If an enemy starts with 120% resistance, and is attacked using a 40% penetration supported skill, the enemy resistance is first capped at 75%, then the support gems take effect, lowering enemy resistance to 35%. Penetration gems effectively lower enemy resistance caps.[1]

Both curses and penetration gems can reduce the resistance of a target below 0%.


Resistance Penetration Passives

Name Bonuses
Heart of Flame
  • 25% increased Fire Damage
  • Damage Penetrates 2% Fire Resistance
Heart of Ice
  • 25% increased Cold Damage
  • Damage Penetrates 2% Cold Resistance
Heart of Thunder
  • 25% increased Lightning Damage
  • Damage Penetrates 2% Lightning Resistance

Theoretical Maximum

Fire Cold Lightning Chaos
Default 75% 75% 75% 75%
Fire/Lightning/Cold Resistance 1% 1% 1%
Chaos 7 100%
Corrupted Armor 1% 1% 1%
Corrupted Amulet 1% 1% 1%
Purity of Fire 5%
Purity of Ice 5%
Purity of Lightning 5%
Ruby/Topaz/Sapphire Flask1 10% 10% 10%
Rise of the PhoenixRise of the Phoenix
Mosaic Kite Shield
Chance to Block: 26%
Armour: (229 to 254)
Energy Shield: (67 to 74)
Requires Level 65, 85 Str, 85 Int+8% to all Elemental Resistances(80 to 100)% increased Armour and Energy Shield
6.0 Life Regenerated per second
+8% to maximum Fire Resistance
+(20 to 25)% to Fire Resistance
25% increased Fire Resistance while on Low Life
10% increased Movement Speed when on Low Life
Cannot be Ignited while on Low Life
My bearer shall be guarded by flame, for I am the phoenix, forever radiant in glory.
2
8%
Aegis AuroraAegis Aurora
Champion Kite Shield
Chance to Block: 34%
Armour: (337 to 374)
Energy Shield: (99 to 110)
Requires Level 62, 85 Str, 85 Int(10 to 20)% increased Elemental Damage with Weapons
(80 to 100)% increased Armour and Energy Shield
+10% to all Elemental Resistances
+5% to maximum Cold Resistance
6% additional Block Chance
Replenishes Energy Shield by 2% of Armour when you Block
Born from the marriage of ice and sky, the aurora evokes both awe and power.
2
5%
KaltenhaltKaltenhalt
Painted Buckler
Chance to Block: 31%
Evasion Rating: (210 to 262)
Requires Level 16, 44 Dex(60 to 100)% increased Evasion Rating
+5% to maximum Cold Resistance
+50% to Cold Resistance
Reflects (25 to 50) Cold Damage to Melee Attackers
5% additional Block Chance
Cold, miserable and alone... but alive.
2
5%
Saffell's FrameSaffell's Frame
Branded Kite Shield
Chance to Block: 26%
Armour: 194
Energy Shield: 57
Requires Level 59, 76 Str, 76 Int+4% to all Elemental Resistances(70 to 80)% of Block Chance applied to Spells
(20 to 30)% increased Spell Damage
+10% to all Elemental Resistances
+4% to all maximum Resistances
Cannot Block Attacks
A swift mind solves problems before they occur
2,6
4% 4% 4% 4%
Divination DistillateDivination Distillate
Large Hybrid Flask
Recovers 300 Life over 5 Seconds
Recovers 140 Mana over 5 Seconds
Consumes 20 of 40 Charges on use
Requires Level 30(40 to 60)% increased Rarity of Items found during flask effect
(12 to 18)% increased Quantity of Items found during flask effect
25% increased Light Radius during flask effect
+6% to all maximum Elemental Resistances during flask effect
Knowledge is fermented in pain and loss
Distilled with reflection
To quench the thirst of those
who dream of enlightenment
Right click to drink. Can only hold charges while in belt. Refills as you kill monsters.
3
6% 6% 6%
Flask Effect applied to resistance flasks4 +3% +3% +3%
Flask Effect applied to Divination Distillate4 +1.8% +1.8% +1.8%
Aura Effect applied to aura 5 3.9% 3.9% 3.9%
Buff Effect applied to aura 5 1.2% 1.2% 1.2%
Total 8 116.9% 113.9% 112.9% 79% (or 100%)

1 Flasks last between 3.5 and 4.2 seconds.

2 Only one shield can be equipped.

3 Lasts 5 seconds.

4 Inner Force does not apply to flask effects while Flask Effect does.[2] Inner Force (increased buff effect) and increased Aura Effect stack together additively.

5 All passives added up including notables with the same effect.

6 Current Drops have +4% to all maximum Resistance. Legacy items have +5% to all maximum Resistance.

7 With this Keystone Passive total chaos resistance is 100%.

8 Can't be higher than 100%.

Achievements

Name Description
Elemental Aegis
Elemental Aegis achievement icon.jpg
Have at least 75% resistances to Fire, Cold and Lightning.
Raise the Bar
Raise the Bar achievement icon.jpg
Have at least 90% resistance to any Element.

References

  1. Mark_GGG (December 11, 2012). "Penetration gems mess up balance between ele/physical". Path of Exile Forum.
  2. Mark_GGG (November 6, 2013). "Flask Effect, Inner Force, and Buff Effect passive nodes questions.". Path of Exile Forum. Retrieved November 28, 2013.