Most 2.6.0 are still not reflected in unique item's version history or legacy variants. Please help out if you can!

Unique weapons and armours are now shown with quality 20 by default; this will be reflected in their value calculations and in item lists.

Diablo Player's Guide to Path of Exile

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If you've played a lot of Diablo 3 and Diablo 2 (or any other ARPG), here's a quick and dirty guide that will get you playing in no time!

Beginners Guide to Path of Exile

Pay model

Path of Exile is free to play and is supported by microtransactions and supporter packs. Microtransactions do not provide a direct in-game advantage. The items available in the store are almost exclusively cosmetic, the exceptions being purchasable extra character slots (though you start with 24), extra guild space, and additional stash tabs which all count as utility purchases. Supporter packs can be considered to be similar to Kickstarter backer tiers, with various tiers offering different rewards, such as microtransaction points, unique pets, the ability to work with the devs to create a unique item, etc.

Skill Gems

Skills in Path of Exile take the form of gems, which you socket into items. There are two basic types of skill gems in Path of Exile: Active skill gems, and Support gems. Active skill gems represent skills you actively use (Fireball inventory icon.pngFireballFireballProjectile, Spell, AoE, Fire
Radius: 9
Mana Cost: (6 to 26)
Cast Time: 0.85 sec
Critical Strike Chance: 6.00%
Projectile Speed: 1040
Unleashes a ball of fire towards a target which explodes, damaging nearby foes.Per 1% Quality:
0.5% chance to Ignite enemies
Deals (7-739) to (10-1109) Fire Damage
(20-39)% chance to Ignite enemies
+(0-3) to radius
Place into an item socket of the right colour to gain this skill. Right click to remove from a socket.
Fireball skill icon.png
Fireball inventory icon.png
, for example). Support gems can be socketed into a linked socket with an active skill gem, to provide a modification of that active skill gem (For example, increasing the damage or the size of your fireball). Active skill gems and support gems are easily visually distinguishable from each other in your inventory. A skill gem must be socketed into an equipped item in order to use that skill.

The skills in PoE aren't class-specific. Any class may use any skill.

Both active skill gems and support gems gain experience (10% of your combat experience) when you fight. Both types can gain levels, thus increasing the gem's potency. The maximum level for any active skill or support gem is normally 20, but this level can be overcome through the use of some items, Vaal Orbs, or the Empower support gem. Gems must be socketed into an equipped item in order for them to gain experience when you fight.

The leveling up of gems is optional, for three reasons:

  • If you cannot support the new mana cost of the gem or the mana reservation.
  • If you want to pass it on to another character which might be lower level.
  • If you are gear dependent on the stats required to use the skill gem and don't think you're going to be able to keep up with the stat requirements.

You'll mainly get active skill gems as quest rewards early on, but you'll also find them dropped by monsters, chests and breakable environment objects such as barrels, crates, pots, etc.

After completing a quest you can buy Skill and Support gems from the accessories vendor on its Sell Page 2. You can check which gems your class can buy on the second half of the quest reward page

There are 3 overarching categories, represented by colors, of active skill and support gems: Red colored gems, which require mostly Strength to use; Green colored gems, which require mostly Dexterity to use; and Blue colored gems, which require mostly Intelligence to use. As the gems level up, their respective attribute requirement amounts will increase as well.

Each individual gem has a set of keywords associated with it. These keywords are listed at the top of each gem's description, when you mouse over it. You can use these to determine which support gems are able to affect which active skill gems - just match the key words! For example, Fireball has the keywords "Fire", "Projectile", "Spell" and "AoE" listed at the top of its description. The Fire Penetration support gem also has the keyword "Fire" listed at the top of its description. This means that the Fire Penetration support gem will affect the active skill Fireball, because both have the keyword "Fire". Support gems do not directly affect other support gems.

Attack skills take weapon damage into consideration. Spell, Trap, spell-casting Totem, and Mine skills do not (like D2).

There are many Skill Gems, and Support Gems and more are added periodically!

Examples:

  • Put the Life Gain on Hit Support inventory icon.pngLife Gain on Hit SupportLife Gain on Hit SupportAttack, Support
    Icon: h
    Mana Multiplier: 150%
    Requires Level 8Per 1% Quality:
    +0.5 Life gained for each enemy hit by Supported Attack
    +(6-44) Life gained for each enemy hit by Supported AttackThis is a Support Gem. It does not grant a bonus to your character, but to skills in sockets connected to it. Place into an item socket connected to a socket containing the Active Skill Gem you wish to augment. Right click to remove from a socket.
    Life Gain on Hit Support inventory icon.png
    support gem next to a linked Cleave inventory icon.pngCleaveCleaveAttack, AoE, Melee
    Radius: 20
    Mana Cost: 6
    Cast Time: 1.00 sec
    The character swings their weapon (or both weapons if dual wielding) in an arc towards the target. Also does damage to other nearby monsters. Only works with Axes and Swords.Per 1% Quality:
    0.5% increased Attack Speed
    Deals (110-163.2)% of Base Attack Damage
    When Dual Wielding, Deals 60% Damage from each Weapon combined
    +(0-6) to radius
    Place into an item socket of the right colour to gain this skill. Right click to remove from a socket.
    Cleave skill icon.png
    Cleave inventory icon.png
    gem you'll regain life for every enemy hit by Cleave inventory icon.pngCleaveCleaveAttack, AoE, Melee
    Radius: 20
    Mana Cost: 6
    Cast Time: 1.00 sec
    The character swings their weapon (or both weapons if dual wielding) in an arc towards the target. Also does damage to other nearby monsters. Only works with Axes and Swords.Per 1% Quality:
    0.5% increased Attack Speed
    Deals (110-163.2)% of Base Attack Damage
    When Dual Wielding, Deals 60% Damage from each Weapon combined
    +(0-6) to radius
    Place into an item socket of the right colour to gain this skill. Right click to remove from a socket.
    Cleave skill icon.png
    Cleave inventory icon.png
    .
  • Combine Detonate Dead inventory icon.pngDetonate DeadDetonate DeadCast, AoE, Fire
    Radius: 22
    Mana Cost: (7 to 30)
    Cast Time: 0.80 sec
    Critical Strike Chance: 5.00%
    Requires Level 4Explodes an unused corpse, dealing fire damage to nearby enemies.Per 1% Quality:
    1% increased Cast Speed
    Explosion deals base Fire Damage equal to 6% of the corpse's maximum Life
    Deals (4-276) to (5-414) Fire Damage
    Damage cannot be Reflected
    Place into an item socket of the right colour to gain this skill. Right click to remove from a socket.
    Detonate Dead skill icon.png
    Detonate Dead inventory icon.png
    (active) with Spell Totem Support inventory icon.pngSpell Totem SupportSpell Totem SupportSupport, Totem, Duration
    Icon: T
    Mana Multiplier: 200%
    Requires Level 8Per 1% Quality:
    1% increased Totem Placement speed
    Summons a Totem which uses this Skill
    Totem lasts 8 seconds
    Supported Skills deal (35-26)% less Damage
    Spells Cast by Totem have 30% less Cast Speed
    This is a Support Gem. It does not grant a bonus to your character, but to skills in sockets connected to it. Place into an item socket connected to a socket containing the Active Skill Gem you wish to augment. Right click to remove from a socket.
    Spell Totem Support inventory icon.png
    (support) to have a totem which casts the spell for you so you can focus on other things.
  • Ice Spear inventory icon.pngIce SpearIce SpearProjectile, Spell, Cold
    Mana Cost: (9 to 27)
    Cast Time: 0.85 sec
    Critical Strike Chance: 7.00%
    Damage Effectiveness: 80%
    Projectile Speed: 1000
    Requires Level 12Launches a shard of ice that pierces close enemies, before exploding on a distant enemy with a much higher critical strike chance.Per 1% Quality:
    2% increased Projectile Speed
    Deals (17-548) to (26-822) Cold Damage
    (40-78)% increased Chill Duration on enemies
    Second form has 600% increased Critical Strike Chance
    Place into an item socket of the right colour to gain this skill. Right click to remove from a socket.
    Ice Spear skill icon.png
    Ice Spear inventory icon.png
    (active) with Greater Multiple Projectiles Support inventory icon.pngGreater Multiple Projectiles SupportGreater Multiple Projectiles SupportSupport, Projectile
    Icon: P
    Mana Multiplier: 165%
    Requires Level 38Per 1% Quality:
    0.5% increased Attack Speed
    0.5% increased Cast Speed
    4 additional Projectiles
    Supported Projectile Skills deal (35-26)% less Projectile Damage
    This is a Support Gem. It does not grant a bonus to your character, but to skills in sockets connected to it. Place into an item socket connected to a socket containing the Active Skill Gem you wish to augment. Right click to remove from a socket.
    Greater Multiple Projectiles Support inventory icon.png
    (support) with Elemental Proliferation Support inventory icon.pngElemental Proliferation SupportElemental Proliferation SupportCold, Fire, Lightning, Support, AoE
    Icon: S
    Radius: 16
    Mana Multiplier: 140%
    Requires Level 38Per 1% Quality:
    0.5% increased Ignite Duration on Enemies
    0.5% increased Chill Duration on Enemies
    0.5% increased Freeze Duration on Enemies
    0.5% increased Shock Duration on Enemies
    Supported Skills Area of Effect: 16
    Elemental Status Effects caused by Supported Skills spread to other enemies
    Supported Skills deal (30-21)% less Damage
    This is a Support Gem. It does not grant a bonus to your character, but to skills in sockets connected to it. Place into an item socket connected to a socket containing the Active Skill Gem you wish to augment. Right click to remove from a socket.
    Elemental Proliferation Support inventory icon.png
    (support) to fire multiple ice projectiles which freeze enemies and have the freeze effect jump over to nearby foes.

The maximum number of possible linked sockets is 6 and it's hard to come by such an item. Most support gems raise the mana cost of the active skill(s) they are linked with.

For future reference: some Keystone Passives are also available as support gems if you want their effect for only some of your skills, for example, Blood Magic Support inventory icon.pngBlood Magic SupportBlood Magic SupportSupport
Icon: B
Mana Multiplier: (245% to 196%)
Requires Level 31Per 1% Quality:
Supported Skills have 0.5% reduced Mana Cost
Supported Skills spend Life instead of ManaThis is a Support Gem. It does not grant a bonus to your character, but to skills in sockets connected to it. Place into an item socket connected to a socket containing the Active Skill Gem you wish to augment. Right click to remove from a socket.
Blood Magic Support inventory icon.png
.

Classes

The classes in PoE are very liquid.

The biggest difference between classes are their Ascendancy class choices. In later acts, completing The Labyrinth will allow you to choose one of three Ascendancy class (or just one for the Scion). Each of these classes grant access to a powerful passive to specialize your characters in. While the given choices are still versatile enough for any build to take advantage of, it's advisable to take a look a them first if you have a certain type of build in mind.

Besides Ascendancy classes, the only differences are: how your hero looks, what their starting attributes are and their position in the passive skill tree (more on that next up).

For now:

Type Name STR DEX INT
INT Witch 14 14 32
STR Marauder 32 14 14
DEX Ranger 14 32 14
STR/INT Templar 23 14 23
DEX/INT Shadow 14 23 23
STR/DEX Duelist 23 23 14
STR/DEX/INT Scion 20 20 20

That said, there's little guidance on how to skill a class and I highly suggest to first try a pure class and dabble with hybrid classes only after some experience. Starting a hybrid can be a bit daunting for new players. The Scion must be unlocked in Act 3 in order to select her during character creation.

Starting (HP, Mana, Evasion Rating) = (50, 40, 53) for all classes. Each level up gives a passive skill point but also

Max level is 100, but you can get a maximum of 123 Passive skill points. It is inadvisable to create a build based on 123 points; around 85-100 is better. Leveling passed the Act content is arduous, and your character will need to be more or less complete to navigate the endgame.

Passive Skill Tree

Check out the passive skill tree

Every class has a specific starting area on the skill tree. Starting at the top and working clockwise, we have the Witch, the Shadow, the Ranger, the Duelist, the Marauder, the Templar, and finally, dead center, the Scion.

The tree may seem a little intimidating at first, but it may make things easier to realize that you can group the nodes into four categories.

Starting Areas: These areas are where you'll be starting your character, but there's absolutely nothing keeping you from heading toward another class's nodes! The nodes where you begin are often very powerful, and it's not a bad idea to scan your neighbors' starting points to see if they've got anything you could... borrow.

Roads: These nodes aren't very exciting, offering just 10 points to a specific attribute, but they go places. You'll carve out the distance between where you are and where you need to be much faster on roads than in the...

Suburbs: These nodes of nodes contain groups of thematic bonuses for your character. They can be as specific as increased spell critical strike chance and multiplier, or as open ended as melee physical damage. Typically, these nodes are more powerful the more specific they are, and they usually contain a Notable Passive that has a high concentration of power. It's often the best choice to carve into a suburb and take the notable passive than to take every node available, since you'll get a much better return on skill point investment that way.

Keystones: These guys are designed to change the way you play the game. Resolute Technique will prevent you from ever missing again, but it'll cost you every critical strike you will ever land. Elemental Equilibrium will reward you for alternating elemental damage, but punish you for using the same element consistently. These keystones have a major impact on the game, so plan wisely before you take one...

Speaking of thinking wisely, the are no full respecs in Path of Exile (except when a major patch changes the skill tree). You will get some refund points from quests, and you can even spend an Orb of Regret inventory icon.pngOrb of RegretOrb of RegretStack Size: 40Grants a passive skill refund pointRight click on this item to use it.
Shift click to unstack.
Orb of Regret inventory icon.png
to get more, but these are designed mostly for when you make mistakes on your character. If you decide that the entire path you chose just isn't for you, prepare to reroll!

The Path of Exile Forum has a Class Discussion section at the bottom which can be very helpful for getting ideas for builds. Even if you don't want to pull a cookie cutter build from there, using the guides to help you understand the layout of the skill tree is a great first step to making your own builds.

Jewels

You may have noticed spaces in the passive tree that can be allocated but appear to do nothing. These are jewel sockets, which can have jewels socketed within them. These jewels impart passives like every other node on the tree, but are arguably more powerful and can be all rarities though the normal rarity of these items does nothing. Some unique jewels, like Overwhelming Odds inventory icon.pngOverwhelming OddsOverwhelming Odds
Crimson Jewel
Limited to: 2
Radius: Medium (1200)
(10-15)% increased Physical Damage
With at least 40 Strength in Radius, Cleave grants Fortify on Hit
With at least 40 Strength in Radius, Cleave has 3% increased Area of
Effect per Nearby Enemy
Even as the tide turned, and victory swiftly became impossible,
The legionnaires of Lioneye's Watch stood their ground and fought on,
Every last man dying a brutal but honourable death.
Place into an allocated Jewel Socket on the Passive Skill Tree. Right click to remove from the Socket.
Overwhelming Odds inventory icon.png
, are threshold jewels which impart a special modifier to skills specified (For the example provided, it's Cleave inventory icon.pngCleaveCleaveAttack, AoE, Melee
Radius: 20
Mana Cost: 6
Cast Time: 1.00 sec
The character swings their weapon (or both weapons if dual wielding) in an arc towards the target. Also does damage to other nearby monsters. Only works with Axes and Swords.Per 1% Quality:
0.5% increased Attack Speed
Deals (110-163.2)% of Base Attack Damage
When Dual Wielding, Deals 60% Damage from each Weapon combined
+(0-6) to radius
Place into an item socket of the right colour to gain this skill. Right click to remove from a socket.
Cleave skill icon.png
Cleave inventory icon.png
that's affected)

Resource management

There are Flasks, which are refillable potions which you can drink from a few times before they are empty. They come in all colors and sizes and have their own affixes (e.g. double armor while the flask fills you up). They refill when you kill enemies, or when you visit a town or hideout.

There's also regular Mana and Life regeneration, life on hit, life on kill, life leech, mana leech etc.

The character starts with 1.75% of Mana Regenerated per second and no life regeneration. Life and mana leech has a maximum rate cap, which prevents you from healing more than 20% of your maximum life/mana per second without upgrades.

There are also Energy shields that act as a health buffer that regenerates after not taking damage for a short time. Energy shields are the preferred method of defense for Intelligence-based characters. Chaos damage will bypass energy shields, however.

Currency Items

There's no gold in PoE. You "buy" items from NPCs by trading for so-called Currency Items.

You can vendor each white item for 1 Scroll Fragment inventory icon.pngScroll FragmentScroll FragmentStack Size: 5A stack of 5 fragments becomes a Scroll of Wisdom.
Shift click to unstack.
Scroll Fragment inventory icon.png
. A full stack (5) of Scroll Fragment inventory icon.pngScroll FragmentScroll FragmentStack Size: 5A stack of 5 fragments becomes a Scroll of Wisdom.
Shift click to unstack.
Scroll Fragment inventory icon.png
s will result in a Scroll of Wisdom inventory icon.pngScroll of WisdomScroll of WisdomStack Size: 40Identifies an itemRight click this item then left click an unidentified item to apply it.
Shift click to unstack.
Scroll of Wisdom inventory icon.png
. You can vendor unidentified blue items for a Transmutation Shard inventory icon.pngTransmutation ShardTransmutation ShardStack Size: 20A stack of 20 shards becomes an Orb of Transmutation.
Shift click to unstack.
Transmutation Shard inventory icon.png
. A full stack (20) of Transmutation Shard inventory icon.pngTransmutation ShardTransmutation ShardStack Size: 20A stack of 20 shards becomes an Orb of Transmutation.
Shift click to unstack.
Transmutation Shard inventory icon.png
s creates 1 Orb of Transmutation inventory icon.pngOrb of TransmutationOrb of TransmutationStack Size: 40Upgrades a normal item to a magic itemRight click this item then left click a normal item to apply it.
Shift click to unstack.
Orb of Transmutation inventory icon.png
. You can vendor an identified blue item for an Alteration Shard inventory icon.pngAlteration ShardAlteration ShardStack Size: 20A stack of 20 shards becomes an Orb of Alteration.
Shift click to unstack.
Alteration Shard inventory icon.png
. Collect a full stack (20) of Alteration Shard inventory icon.pngAlteration ShardAlteration ShardStack Size: 20A stack of 20 shards becomes an Orb of Alteration.
Shift click to unstack.
Alteration Shard inventory icon.png
s and you will get an Orb of Alteration inventory icon.pngOrb of AlterationOrb of AlterationStack Size: 20Reforges a magic item with new random propertiesRight click this item then left click a magic item to apply it.
Shift click to unstack.
Orb of Alteration inventory icon.png
. An Orb of Alteration inventory icon.pngOrb of AlterationOrb of AlterationStack Size: 20Reforges a magic item with new random propertiesRight click this item then left click a magic item to apply it.
Shift click to unstack.
Orb of Alteration inventory icon.png
can be used to reroll any affixes and/or suffixes on a magic (blue) item, randomly.

All Currency Items can drop as loot.

There is also:

Orb of Augmentation inventory icon.pngOrb of AugmentationOrb of AugmentationStack Size: 30Enchants a magic item with a new random propertyRight click this item then left click a magic item to apply it. Magic items can have up to two random properties.
Shift click to unstack.
Orb of Augmentation inventory icon.png
, which adds another affix to Magic Items with only one prefix/suffix
Orb of Chance inventory icon.pngOrb of ChanceOrb of ChanceStack Size: 20Upgrades a normal item to a random rarityRight click this item then left click a normal item to apply it.
Shift click to unstack.
Orb of Chance inventory icon.png
, which changes a normal white item to a random rarity (magic, rare, unique)
Chromatic Orb inventory icon.pngChromatic OrbChromatic OrbStack Size: 20Reforges the colour of sockets on an itemRight click this item then left click a socketed item to apply it.
Shift click to unstack.
Chromatic Orb inventory icon.png
, which changes the color of sockets randomly
Jeweller's Orb inventory icon.pngJeweller's OrbJeweller's OrbStack Size: 20Reforges the number of sockets on an itemRight click this item then left click a socketed item to apply it. The item's quality increases the chances of obtaining more sockets.
Shift click to unstack.
Jeweller's Orb inventory icon.png
, which changes the number of sockets randomly
Orb of Fusing inventory icon.pngOrb of FusingOrb of FusingStack Size: 20Reforges the links between sockets on an itemRight click this item then left click a socketed item to apply it. The item's quality increases the chances of obtaining more links.
Shift click to unstack.
Orb of Fusing inventory icon.png
, which changes the links between the current sockets randomly
Blessed Orb inventory icon.pngBlessed OrbBlessed OrbStack Size: 20Randomises the numeric values of the implicit properties of an itemRight click this item then left click another item to apply it.
Shift click to unstack.
Blessed Orb inventory icon.png
, which changes the roll of the implicit

- and many more Currency Items. You can use Currency Items to reroll almost any mod on an item.

The best weapons are often crafted with the use of Currency Items. Example: Find a high base-quality type white weapon, increase the quality to the max of +20% with a Blacksmith's Whetstone inventory icon.pngBlacksmith's WhetstoneBlacksmith's WhetstoneStack Size: 20Improves the quality of a weaponRight click this item then left click a weapon to apply it. Has greater effect on lower rarity weapons. The maximum quality is 20%.
Shift click to unstack.
Blacksmith's Whetstone inventory icon.png
s and then make it rare, with an Orb of Alchemy inventory icon.pngOrb of AlchemyOrb of AlchemyStack Size: 10Upgrades a normal item to a rare itemRight click this item then left click a normal item to apply it.
Shift click to unstack.
Orb of Alchemy inventory icon.png
which will change it to a rare weapon, and add a random number (between 4 and 6) of different mods to it, which can increase its power significantly.

The most valuable/rare piece of currency in the game is a Mirror of Kalandra inventory icon.pngMirror of KalandraMirror of KalandraStack Size: 10Creates a mirrored copy of an itemRight click this item then left click an equipable non-unique item to apply it. Mirrored copies cannot be modified.
Shift click to unstack.
Mirror of Kalandra inventory icon.png
. (You can go your entire career in Path of Exile and never see one of these drop!)

The least valuable/most common piece of currency in the game is a Scroll of Wisdom inventory icon.pngScroll of WisdomScroll of WisdomStack Size: 40Identifies an itemRight click this item then left click an unidentified item to apply it.
Shift click to unstack.
Scroll of Wisdom inventory icon.png
.

Attributes and Stats

You only gain attribute points from passives and items, not from leveling up, per se.

Each additional 10 attribute points give:

10 Strength = +5 HP, +2% Melee Physical Dmg
10 Intelligence = +5 Mana, +2% Energy Shield
10 Dexterity = +20 Accuracy, +2% Evasion

The defensive stats are:

Evasion, which is a chance to avoid a damaging hit from attacks, it is entropy-based to avoid streaky results. It is also affected by accuracy.
Dodge, which is a chance to avoid a damaging hit, it is not entropy-based like evasion.
Block, which is a chance to block a damaging hit.
Armour, which mitigates incoming physical damage from a damaging hit, proportional to how much Armour you have compared to damage taken.
Resistances, which mitigates incoming elemental and chaos damage.

The offensive stats are:

Accuracy, which is a measure of your chance-to-hit your target(s) with attacks.
Damage, which indicates how much damage you will inflict with each attack/spell, on your target(s), if your attack/spell is successful.
Attack Speed, which is how quickly you can repeat each attack.
Cast Speed, which is how quickly you can repeat each spell cast.


Body Armour and Shields can have movement penalties (typically the heavier ones).

Dual Wielding grants:


Maximum Block chance is normally capped at 75%, but this cap can be overcome to a certain extent, with certain items. If you would've been Stunned, there's a blocking animation, otherwise the block is "free". Only Attacks can be blocked or evaded, unless you have Spell Block from passives or an item - for example, Saffell's Frame inventory icon.pngSaffell's FrameSaffell's Frame
Branded Kite Shield
Quality: +20%
Chance to Block: 24%
Armour: 194
Energy Shield: 56
Requires Level 59, 76 Str, 76 Int3% reduced Movement Speed (Hidden)
+4% to all Elemental Resistances
(70-80)% of Block Chance applied to Spells
(20-30)% increased Spell Damage
+10% to all Elemental Resistances
+4% to all maximum Resistances
Cannot Block Attacks
A swift mind solves problems before they occur.
Saffell's Frame inventory icon.png
.

Buffs & Debuffs

There are various types of status effects in Path of Exile:

Charges

Charges grant stackable bonuses. By default, a character can have 3 of each Charge, but the maximum number of charges can be increased. There are also certain skills that consume charges and skills that gain additional bonuses to charges.

Elemental Status Ailments

Fire, Cold, and Lightning damage each have a status ailment associated with their element. The length of these statuses depend on the amount of damage the element dealt proportional to the target's maximum life. There are passives and items that grant a chance to apply these effects, and will always be applied on a Critical Strike.

  • Ignite - Deals a damage over time that deals 80% of Fire damage dealt from the hit that applied it over 4 seconds. Comes from Fire damage.
  • Chill - Slows by 30%. All Cold damage can apply Chill, but it won't apply it if the duration of the Chill would be too low.
  • Frozen - Effectively a stun. Frozen enemies shatter when they die, leaving no corpse behind. Comes from Cold damage.
  • Shock - Target takes 50% increased damage. Comes from Lightning damage.

Non-elemental debuffs

Unlike elemental statuses, only certain skills and item bonuses will apply these.

  • Bleed - Deals a damage over time equal to 10% of the Physical damage dealt from the hit that applied it per second while standing still. If you move while bleeding, it deals 60% of damage per second.
  • Poison - Deals 16% of the damage dealt from Physical and Chaos damage that applied it over 2 seconds in Chaos Damage. Poison can stack multiple times, each stack has a separate 2 second timer.
  • Blind - Halves the chance to hit with attacks.

Curses

Curses are powerful debuffs with varying effects, such as reduced elemental resistances, granting the attacker life and mana leech, and so on. However, only one Curse can be applied at a time, but you can increase the number of Curses you can apply with a passive and some unique items.

Stuns

Stuns are handled differently from other ARPGs. Instead of applying it for a set time, its length depends on Stun Duration modifier.

When you play you’ll notice that your attacks interrupt enemies (or vice versa), which is actually considered a stun; the default duration is 350 ms.

Check out the Stun page for more information.

Instances

All areas in Path of Exile are instanced. When you enter an area, a new instance is created. Once you leave the area, the instance will remain in its current state for 15 minutes for main areas - if 15 minutes passes with no players entering the instance, it will be closed. Entering the same area again will create a new instance with a new randomly generated map. Areas without side areas attached (any area with two or fewer exits) has a shorter timer and will only last 8 minutes while empty.

Instances you create are private and cannot be entered by other players unless they join your party. However, once a player has entered an instance, that instance remains associated with the player even if they leave the party. So it is possible to share an instance with non-party members in some circumstances. The exception to this is towns, which are always public, and cut-throat leagues, where all instances are public - meaning anyone can enter your instances at any time.

Those 15m/8m timers are subject to technical limitations. Those times may be lower on open weekends when the servers are rushed by more players than usual.

You can force the creation of a new instance by Ctrl+clicking on the entrance, or map waypoint, while interacting with a waypoint.

Game modes

There are currently 4 acts with 3 difficulty types in the game. This will change after The Fall of Oriath expansion is released to 10 acts with increasing difficulty.

Whenever you create a new character, you specify what league you want them to join, which is essentially the game type.

Currently there are four permanent leagues: Standard and Hardcore plus the Solo Self Found variants.

A new 'challenge' league split into 4 leagues will be created every three months or so. One challenge league always follows standard death rules, the other always follows hardcore death rules and the last two are the same as the two before but with no partying and trading (Called Solo Self Found, or SSF). These challenge leagues always have their own unique rule sets on top of the standard or hardcore death rules. When these challenge leagues end (usually after three months), the characters in these challenge leagues always return to their respective 'base' league type (standard, hardcore or the SSF variants) - along with all their inventory and stash items. Characters in the hardcore challenge league are moved to the basic standard league when they die (just like in normal hardcore). Characters in the standard challenge league remain in that challenge league after they die (they are not moved to the regular standard league until the current standard challenge league ends).

Solo Self Found characters can be transferred to their base league by a click of a button.

Characters can be moved between leagues (usually towards the Standard league) when certain events happen. Usually at the end of a ladder race/reset, characters are moved back to Standard so they can keep being played after the event. There are prizes for events, usually in-game currency or items with alternate art/model and higher item levels.

Endgame content

Around the second half of Merciless difficulty, you may find Maps. Maps are used in Map Devices in the Eternal Laboratory in Act 3 to open randomly generated high-level areas. Maps can also be modded like you can any other item in PoE, making it more difficult and more rewarding.

Afterwards, players will encounter Zana, Master Cartographer, who will introduce you the Atlas of Worlds. The Atlas visualizes the player's progress through the map content, with the ultimate goal of reaching the highest tier maps. Players are encouraged exploring the Atlas as each map you complete adds a permanent bonus to map drops. You can also modify the Atlas, adding temporary mods to maps in a radius or upgrade lower tier maps into higher leveled ones.

There are a few endgame challenges to face as well. Exploring corrupted zones or maps could let you find map pieces that open a realm to Queen Atziri, an optional, challenging boss. Defeating Atziri opens up a chance to face an even tougher version of Atziri. There are a few unique items that exclusively drop from Atziri, with the Uber version dropping some of the most powerful unique items in the game.

There is also a fourth difficulty of the Lord's Labyrinth. Unlike the first three Labyrinths, the trials for the endgame version are found in maps. Completing a trial once grants you one chance to challenge the Labyrinth, with a tougher and deadlier layout and an even stronger Izaro. Completing this version of the Labyrinth grants two additional Ascendancy skill points, as well as valuable treasure and the most powerful enchantments.

The Shaper lies in the heart of the Atlas. He serves as the final encounter of the Atlas, and to gain access to his realm, you must obtain the four key fragments, guarded by the bosses of the highest tiered maps.

Hotkeys and GUI tips

Ctrl+click to move an item into the selling window or stash. (does not work with guild stash)
Ctrl+Alt+click to post an item into chat. (Open chat window by pressing enter to mouse over linked items)
Shift+click on a stack of items to open the split stack interface.
Get a minimap in the options menu. (map transparency adjustable)
Shift+enter or a “#” for global chat.
Ctrl+enter for a whisper reply.
Ctrl+Shift+enter or a “%” for party chat.
[email protected] followed by a character name for whisper.
"$" for trade chat.
"&" for guild chat.
You can hide global, trade or guild chat by unchecking the corresponding option box at the top of the chat window.
/help displays a complete list of commands and a short description of each one.
/itemlevel will show the item level of the item you’re holding in your mouse pointer.
/oos will make the client try to resyncronise with the server (use when you are desynced).
/remaining displays a message on how many monsters remain in the current instance.
/hideout will take you to your hideout, provided that you are in a city instance and you already gained a hideout.
/passives will display all skill points acquired on the current character and where/how they were acquired.
Holding Control and clicking on an instance will give you the option to reset the zone. Use this sparingly as it increases the server load.
Holding Alt while mousing over an item in chat will display its corresponding item level.
Hold shift to attack in place.
Press X to switch between two weapon presets.
Press Z to show/hide item labels.
/afk [message] Autoreply to whispers that you are AFK with the text [message]. Performing any action, including chatting, will cancel AFK mode.
/dnd [message] Autoreply to whispers that you are DND with the text [message] and ignore all incoming messages.

See also